The Constitution of Nepal
The following video shows the Preamble of the Constitution of Nepal 2072 BS in audio (in Nepali) with the English sub-titles. In the video, the text shown is the video is read.
The transcript of the sub-title:
We, the people of Nepal, in exercise of the sovereign powers inherent in us,
Embracing the sovereign right of the people and the right to autonomy and self- rule, by maintaining Nepal’s independence, sovereignty, geographical integrity, national unity, freedom and dignity,
Continue reading The Constitution of Nepal – Preamble (Part 0)
The Government Act of Nepal – 2004 is the first constitution of Nepal. The government led by Rana regime adopted the governing law in 1946 (2004 BS). That was three years before the Rana regime was overthrown by the King.
At the time of the adaptation of the law, there was a huge disagreement among the Rana official. To formulate the first law in Nepal, a ‘Baidhanik Sudhar Samiti’ was formed. Bahadur Shumsher JB Rana was named to head the body but, when Bahadur Shumsher refused to take the responsibility, Shimha Shumsher JB Rana was named the president and Subarna Shumsher Rana was named the secretary and Kulnath Lohani was named the advisor. The draft prepared by Rana duo and Lohani. The constitution was finalized on Magh 13, 2004 BS by the prime minister Padma Shumsher JB Rana and it was scheduled to be fully implemented by the end of 2005 BS. In the constitution, the kings, “Shree Panch Maharajadhiraja of Nepal” had to delegate all the powers of the State to the Rana prime ministers, “Shree 3 Maharajas.”
After issues in the implementation of the constitution, Padma Shumsher JB Rana resigned from the post of prime minister. The new prime minister Chandra Shumsher JB Rana shelved the constitution and made it ineffective.
Full text of the constitution is attached.
1948 Constitution of Nepal 2004 Government Act (English)
The protesting Madheshi leaders have proposed a 4-page-long amendments to the recently finalized Constitution of Nepal 2015. The demands are mostly related to the changes to be made for the benefits of the residents of the Terai region. The 35-points long propose was given to the government of Nepal by the Madhesi Morcha.
The 4-pages-long demands were published in Nagariknews.
Madhesh Morcha Demand 1
The first demand is to recognize the Madhesh protest in the Preamble. The Preamble remembers “historical people’s movements and armed struggles” at around 0:44 in the following video, the demand is to include Madhesi struggle:
Madhesh Morcha Demand 2
The second demand is about the Clause 7, sub-clause 1 to make the official business of the Nepal government to be made multiple languages. The clause is located at 2:47 in the following video.
Madhesh Morcha Demand 3
The third demand refers to clause 11 (6) and clause 14
The clauses are located at around 2:10 and 4:15 respectively in the following video:
Madhesh Morcha Demands 4 and 5
This demand relates to clause 289 (1).
Continue reading Madhesh leaders propose 35 points amendments to the Constitution
Here are the highlights of the new Constitution of Nepal (2015).
The constitution has:
- 35 Parts
- 308 Sections
- 9 Schedules
- Schedule 1 gives the details of the National Flag of Nepal
- Schedule 2 is for the National Anthem of Nepal
- Schedule 3 details the Coat of Arms of Nepal
- Schedule 4 Provinces and Districts within Provinces
- Schedule 5 gives the List of Federal powers/jurisdiction
- Schedule 6 List of Provincial powers/jurisdiction
- Schedule 7 List of concurrent powers/jurisdiction of Federation and Province
- Schedule 8 List of powers/jurisdiction of Local Level
- Schedule 9 List of concurrent powers/jurisdiction of Federation, Province and Local level
The details of each of the parts of the constitution are listed below. For each of the part, there will be an audio recording in coming day. So far, the recording of the first 6 parts of the constitution is complete.
Continue reading Highlights of the Constitution of Nepal 2015
The new constitution of Nepal, “Nepal Ko Sambidhan 2072” was released on September 20, 2015 (Ashoj 3 2072 B.S.) by the Constitution Assembly. The constitution has been officially approved by the by President of Nepal Dr. Ram Baran Yadav.
The constitution book was drafted by the team of 601 Constitution Assembly (CA) members elected by the citizen of Nepal. When the first CA failed to complete the writing process in its 4-years-long tenure, second election of CA elected the assembly that finalized the constitution. The first meeting of the CA after election was held on Magh 8, 2071 BS. As of Ashoj 3 the assembly had met 135 times in 130 days.
I have read the constitution (in Nepali) in the following videos: Continue reading Nepal Ko Sambidhan 2072 (Constitution of Nepal, 2072)