Why is Harry Potter more successful than other fantasy books?

If you have read the books, will easily understand why it is more successful than any other books. Watching Harry Potter films won’t explain it that well. But, the books are really lively and anybody can relate the story to their own life. Although full of fantasies, the problems faced by the 11 year old boy are very realistic and how he deals with them is heart touching.

Harry Potter’s struggle for freedom makes you feel like our own struggle. The story of the man whose career is ruined by someone else’s mischief. The friends like Ron Hermione and teachers like Dumbledore and Severus Snape the character that knowingly sacrificed his whole life for Harry. Some of the things are better felt than explained.

The success of the book can be felt in better way than in explaining. Because, the plot is set in a fantasy world but all the characters are real life characters. So, one might say, it is not possible to answer why Harry Potter books are more successful without delving into the Wizarding World created by the author JK Rowling..
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Novel – Abiral Bagdachha Indrawati (Ramesh Bikal) Audio Book

A popular novel of writer Ramesh Bikal was published in Sajha Prakashan.

Flowing is the character of a river. It just flows and nothing can stop it’s flow. If there are some obstacles on the way, it doesn’t complain. It finds its way to meet the ocean. Life flows along the rivers in some rivers. Indrawati river carries the sweat of the people who live by it’s bank. That is why the colour of the river is dark blue.

Poor Majhi people, Danuwar people make their living by fishing in the river. They fish in different parts of the river, they use different types of the nets, traps and tools. They catch fishes, crabs and other foods.

The story of this novel is the sad life story of the people living by the bank of the river. He gave a real-life picture of the fishermen who live in the area ranging from Sipaghat to Dolalghat. He has painted the picture of the socio-economic lives of the people in the are. Ramesh Bikal had seen the lives of the people during a decade in 1930s.

The book is read by Khagendra Nepali. Khagendra is a well known journalist who had impressed the listers of BBC Nepali.

Ramesh Bikal’s real name is Rameshwor Sharma Chalise. Born in 1932 Bikal died in 2008. He was born in Gokarna in the Kathmandu Valley.

Bikal did his B.Ed. in 1960, and worked in education sector. His early stories featured socialist and anti-establishment themes. The government wasn’t happy by his writing. So, he was imprisoned three times between 1949 and 1960. Bikal was the first short story writer to be awarded with the Madan Puraskar award, the biggest award in Nepali literature.

DB Lama, Ex Inspector General of Police

March 27, 2014 Categories समाज

Real Name – Dil Bahadur Lama
Born – 1927 (1984 BS)
Birthplace – Gerkhu, Nuwakot
Death – March 26, 2014 (84 years)

Started Police service in 2011 BS. The police force was established in 2007 and he was the 11th chief of the police. He worked as the IGP of police from 2039 BS to 2043 BS. In his tenure, in 2043 BS, the police had started recruiting women in police force by open competition. He also started female traffic police at that time. Lama started Police Hospital (Mahargunj) in 2040 BS. He is also credited for a number of other positive steps in the police force.

Controversies

Lama was also one of the most controversial police officer. In 2036 BS he is accused of causing a police suppression at Chhintang of Dhankuta. 15 people were killed in the suppression.

Lama didn’t have much education. But, he was very close to the Prime Minister Tulsi Giri and the Prince Dhirendra Shah. On their recommendation, Lama was appointed IG of police.

Lama’s tenure as IGP ended on Jestha of 2043. After a few months of his retirement, he was accused of gold smuggling. At that time, a Rastriya Panchayat parliamentarian, Chandra Bahadur Gurung was arrested with 22 kg gold at the Tribhuvan International Airport. Lama was accused of being the main person who had planned for the smuggling. Lama was arrested with Bharat Gurung, the chief body guard of Dhirendra Shah. In that charge both Lama and Gurung stayed in jail for five years.

Later, the court didn’t find enough evidence of their involvement in the smuggling. Lama accused the palace of fabricating the case to punish him. After the political change in 2046, DB Lama joined Nepali Congress. He was also elected as a Nepali Congress parliamentarian in 2056 BS from Rasuwa. He was also made the assistant minister during the prime ministership of Sher Bahadur Deuba.

DB Lama has written a book about his time in confinement by the palace.

Seto Dharti, Novel, Amar Neupane, 2012, (Madan Puraskar winner novel)

A Madan Puraskar winner novel ‘Seto Dharti’ written by Amar Neupane. The Puraskar (award), Madan Award is the biggest literary award in Nepali literature.

First published in the March of 2012, the book gained a rapid popularity among the book readers. It was a best seller in Nepal. The novel is about the bitter reality of a child widow in Nepali society. The story is painful and sad.

Summary of Seto Dharti

The story of the novel is based on the life of a girl named Tara. She is a simple girl living in a remote village. Like every other child, she also spends her time playing with other children. Like other girls in the village, she is married ogg at a tender age of seven. At that age, she didn’t not even understand what it meant to get married.

After marrying Tara, her husband had to go for his studies to Banaras, India. But, he died in the remote place, leaving his innocent wife, Tara, a child widow. The story is about all the difficulties in Tara’s life as a widow. After the death of her husband, she returns back to her parental home.

Once in her birth home, she tries to forget the pain and live her life peacefully. After the death of her mother, she had to take over all the responsibilities of the house.

As the time passed, and she became an adult, situation turned such that she had to leave the parental home and relocate herself to Devghat, a religious place in Chitwan. In the place, she constructs a small hut and lives a boring life.

The story mainly tries to reveal the terrible cultural practice, in the name of religion, called child marriage. This story also portrays the pain of a child widow living her whole life without company.

Listen “Seto Dharti” by Amar Neupane from Shruti Sambeg in the voice of Achyut Ghimire.

Chuli, Novella, Sarubhakta, 2018

Sarubhakta’s short novel “Chuli” is also translated to English language and published by the name ‘The Peak’. The novel is translated by Subhash Ghimire and is published by Sahityakar Sarubhakta Sarokar Kendra, Pokhara, Nepal.

Chuli is the story of human adventure and survival – a big peak os success. It is a wonderful fiction of a non-mountaineer that highlights the challenge of climbing, dangers, exciting and wonderful experience difficulties, magnitude of Everest, risk, accident, suspicious death experience, Geography, climbing narration, providing technical knowledge, atmospheric pressure, climbing tools to be used, the remote site name information, etc. This is a successful mountaineering fiction in Nepali literature.

A short part from the book “The Peak”, translated by Subhash Ghimire:
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Seto Bagh, Historical Novel, Diamond Shumsher, 1973

Seto Bagh is a historical novel by Diamond Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana. Brought up in Rana family, the family that ruled Nepal for 104 years as the de-facto-ruler prime ministers.

‘Seto Bagh’ means ‘White Tiger’ in Nepali. The novel published in 1973, revolves around the life of the Jagat Jung Rana, the eldest son of Jung Bahadur Rana. Jung Bahadur Rana is the ruler who started the Rana regime in Nepal that ruled the country for 104 years.

The plot is set around the time when Jung Bahadur Rana was in power and after his demise. It has been translated into French, English and Japanese.

The novel describes Jung Bahadur Rana losing his grip over the control of the palace and also the fall of his sons and the rise of his nephews to power. However, the novel is like a sequel to Diamond’s previous novel ‘Basanti’ where he wrote about the rise of Jung Bahadur along with his love life.

Seto Bagh is more like:

– a biography of Jagat Jung.

– describes the love relation between Jagat Jung and the Princess, the daughter of King Surendra Bikram Shah.

– starts with the mention of ongoing war between Nepal and Tibet. The love story between the two goes on as the war proceeds.

– the emotional state of Jagat Jung as he fights

– the urge to accept the Princess’ love.

– the fear of being called a sinner and cheat for stealing his cousin’s fiancé being greater than the courage of accepting his own feelings for her, he tries his best to make her hate him.

– With the help of their cousins and the support of their family, they are got married.

– Although his love life becomes successful, his chances of being the heir of the Prime Minister’ position (Shree 3 Maharaj) were dimmed.

– it shows the downfall of the bright and talented Jagat Jung and rise of his cousins.

– the sons of Dhir Shumsher Rana massacred their own clan in cold blood (Uncle and sons of Jung Bahadur Rana) for the power.

About Diamond Shumsher

The Seto Bagh writer Diamond Shumser was born on 5 July, 1918 in Palpa Durbar, Tansen. He enjoyed a privileged upbringing as a Rana son and was a captain in the Royal Nepal Army. In 1948, he wrote the novel Basanti. The Rana rulers thought it to be against the
Rana regime and he was arrested. He later joined the political opposition against the regime and was a member of the Nepali Congress Party from 1954 to 1987. He wrote this novel Seto Bagh in 1970. Diamond Shumser died at the age of 92 in Kathmandu in 2011.

Summary of Seto Bagh

As this novel is the historical novel, it is said that it does not resemble each and every historical events that happened through the time-line. Being based on the unspoken part of the fall of Jung’s own family, the novel presents the heart taking sequence of the conspiracy and the massacre that had thrilled the whole Nepal at that time. Jagatjung the lamp of the Jung family is the lead of the novel as the novel starts with him and ends with his death. The princess of Nepal falls in love with Jagatjung which leads to the broken promises of marrying Bir Shumser. The seedling of hatred gets planted here as in the novel when bubudhai (a woman who fed milk) of the princess came to know about the affair between Jagat and the princess, she had said, man can be not only the hound but also the demon for a girl. Later when they two got married, Bir Shumser also marries Dhanhajuri, the cousin sister of the princess, whose married life does not seem happy. As the tradition of the palace, Crown prince Trailokya marries two sisters of Jagat who give birth to a daughter and a son respectively. The crown prince and his brother were planning to make Jagat the prime minister of Nepal after the death of his father Jung Bahadur as Jung Bahadur had set up the roll of being prime minister on his own way where it will firstly go to his brothers and only to the sons.
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Amar Chitrakar, Nepali artist

One of the most well known artists in the history of Nepal, Amar Chitrakar was born in 1920 and died in 1999. Amar’s family, the Chitrakars family, was a part of the only painting based art clan in Nepal.

Amar grew up in Kel Tole near Indra Chowk. In his early days, he helped his father in their family retail business. He worked as a shopkeeper for many years.

After noting noting Amar Chitrakar’s interest in painting, his father encourage him to follow his interest. He was happy Amar’s interest to follow the family tradition. He didn’t go to art school but decided to learn painting from an artist, Tej Bahadur Pun. Pun was well known for his artistic skills at his time and he also used to design coins and paper currency.

Amar Chitrakar worked in oil and water color and he also made stone sculpture. He also took photography during his years with writer and artist Bal Krishna Sama. Some of the most popular paintings of Amar Chitrakar include the paintings of the Kings, Quuens and Rana prime ministers.

A 1958 stamp of “Air / Inauguration of Nepalese Airmail Service” by Amar Chitrakar (Left) and a 1959 stamp of “Opening of first Nepalese Parliament” by Amar Chitrakar (Right)


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10 Best books of 2015 (The Guardian)

The readers of ‘The Guardian’ have selected the top 10 books of 2015 by voting. The Top 10 books are:

  1. A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara
  2. The Story of a Lost Child by Elena Ferrante
  3. A God in Ruins by Kate Atkinson
  4. A Brief History of Seven Killings by Marlon James
  5. A Spool of Blue Thread by Anne Tyler
  6. Purity by Jonathan Franzen
  7. The Buried Giant by Kazuo Ishiguro
  8. The Shepherd’s Crown by Terry Pratchett
  9. Common Ground by Rob Cowen
  10. Last Man Off by Matt Lewis

The most voted book of The Guardian readers was Yanagihara’s novel titled ‘A Little Life’ is the story of the friendship of four men in NYC. The novel was also nominated for Booker Prize. In its review, The Guardian had said it to be ‘Unusual, uneven, unrelenting…’

The second most voted book was Elena Ferrante’s ‘The Story of a Lost Child’. The novel on the story of the friendship between two women is the last of the 4-parts Neapolitan novels. The readers of the previous novels were eagerly waiting for it to release.

The third most voted book was Kate Atkinson’s ‘A God in Ruins’. The best-selling author of ‘Life After Life’ is said to be ‘her finest work’ according to the Guardian review.

The fourth most voted novel was the Man Booker winner ‘A Biref History of Seven Killings’ by Marlon James is the story of assassination attempt of Bob Marley.

The fifth most voted book was Anne Tyler’s ‘A Spool of Blue Thread’

top 10 novels of 2015

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The Constitution of Nepal 2019 BS (1962) – PDF download

The constitution that was the basis of the party-less Panchayat System, The Constitution of Nepal 2019 was implemented by the King Mahendra. The Constitution was active throughout the Panchayat System from 1962 to 1990. The constitution was amended three times in that period.

the constitution of nepal 1962

The constitution was written by the committee under the leadership of then Minister of Finance Rishikesh Shah with two other members – Kuleshowr Rana and Angurbaba Joshi. The Constitution Committee was formed on Baisakh 26, 2019 (May 8, 1962) with a 23-days-long deadline for the formulation the constitution (deadline Jestha 19, 2019). The first Constitution with the provision of active leadership of the King was announced by King Mahendra on Poush 1, 2019 (December 16, 1962).

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The Constitution of Nepal – Preamble (Part 0)

The Constitution of Nepal

The following video shows the Preamble of the Constitution of Nepal 2072 BS in audio (in Nepali) with the English sub-titles. In the video, the text shown is the video is read.

The transcript of the sub-title:

PREAMBLE
We, the people of Nepal, in exercise of the sovereign powers inherent in us,
Embracing the sovereign right of the people and the right to autonomy and self- rule, by maintaining Nepal’s independence, sovereignty, geographical integrity, national unity, freedom and dignity,
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