The Government Act of Nepal – 2004 is the first constitution of Nepal. The government led by Rana regime adopted the governing law in 1946 (2004 BS). That was three years before the Rana regime was overthrown by the King.
At the time of the adaptation of the law, there was a huge disagreement among the Rana official. To formulate the first law in Nepal, a ‘Baidhanik Sudhar Samiti’ was formed. Bahadur Shumsher JB Rana was named to head the body but, when Bahadur Shumsher refused to take the responsibility, Shimha Shumsher JB Rana was named the president and Subarna Shumsher Rana was named the secretary and Kulnath Lohani was named the advisor. The draft prepared by Rana duo and Lohani. The constitution was finalized on Magh 13, 2004 BS by the prime minister Padma Shumsher JB Rana and it was scheduled to be fully implemented by the end of 2005 BS. In the constitution, the kings, “Shree Panch Maharajadhiraja of Nepal” had to delegate all the powers of the State to the Rana prime ministers, “Shree 3 Maharajas.”
After issues in the implementation of the constitution, Padma Shumsher JB Rana resigned from the post of prime minister. The new prime minister Chandra Shumsher JB Rana shelved the constitution and made it ineffective.
Full text of the constitution is attached.
1948 Constitution of Nepal 2004 Government Act (English)